Gastroparesis is characterized by symptoms and the confirmed delay of emptying of food from the stomach where no blockage is evident. In most individuals with gastroparesis, the cause of the disorder is not known. It also can occur as a result of several known conditions, especially in people with diabetes. It is more common in women and can have a major impact on quality of life.
The treatment of people with gastroparesis generally relies on:
- dietary modifications,
- medications that enhance gastric emptying, and
- medications that reduce nausea and vomiting.
Dietary suggestions for gastroparesis are based largely on clinical experience. More scientific studies are needed to demonstrate what foods are better tolerated than others by patients with gastroparesis.
It is recommended that anyone with gastroparesis seek dietary counseling with a doctor and Registered Dietician to help individualize nutrition therapy and maximize nutritional benefits.
Dietary recommendations are likely to be of greatest benefit to those with mild to moderate disease. They are also tried in patients with more severe gastroparesis to complement other medical treatments.
Adapted from IFFGD Publication: Dietary and Nutritional Recommendations for Patients with Gastroparesis by Carol Rees Parrish, RD, MS, Nutrition Support Specialist, University of Virginia Health System, Charlottesville, VA; Edy Soffer, MD, Co-Director of the GI Motility Laboratory, Division of Gastroenterology, Cedars-Sinai Medical Center, Los Angeles, CA; and Henry Parkman, MD, Temple University School of Medicine, Philadelphia, PA.